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    Burkina Faso Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, north of Ghana

      Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 2 00 W

      Map references: Africa

      total: 274,200 sq km
      land: 273,800 sq km
      water: 400 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Colorado

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,192 km
      border countries: Benin 306 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 548 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers

      Terrain: mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m
      highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m

      Natural resources: manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, antimony, copper, nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphates, zinc, silver

      Land use:
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 22%
      forests and woodland: 50%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 200 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: recurring droughts

      Environment - current issues: recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)