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    Cambodia Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos

      Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 105 00 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      total: 181,040 sq km
      land: 176,520 sq km
      water: 4,520 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Oklahoma

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,572 km
      border countries: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km

      Coastline: 443 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
      highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m

      Natural resources: timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential

      Land use:
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 11%
      forests and woodland: 66%
      other: 10% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 920 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts

      Environment - current issues: illegal logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand have resulted in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; toxic waste delivery from Taiwan sparked unrest in Kampong Saom (Sihanoukville) in December 1998

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

      Geography - note: a land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)