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    Cape Verde Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal

      Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 24 00 W

      Map references: World

      Area:
      total: 4,033 sq km
      land: 4,033 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Rhode Island

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 965 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and very erratic

      Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mt. Fogo 2,829 m (a volcano on Fogo Island)

      Natural resources: salt, basalt rock, pozzuolana (a siliceous volcanic ash used to produce hydraulic cement), limestone, kaolin, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 11%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 83% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: prolonged droughts; harmattan wind can obscure visibility; volcanically and seismically active

      Environment - current issues: overgrazing of livestock and improper land use such as the cultivation of crops on steep slopes has led to soil erosion; demand for wood used as fuel has resulted in deforestation; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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