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    Christmas Island Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates: 10 30 S, 105 40 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      total: 135 sq km
      land: 135 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 138.9 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 12 nm
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 3 nm

      Climate: tropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds

      Terrain: steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Murray Hill 361 m

      Natural resources: phosphate

      Land use:
      arable land: NA%
      permanent crops: NA%
      permanent pastures: NA%
      forests and woodland: NA%
      other: NA%
      note: mainly tropical rainforest of which 60%-70% is in a national park

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)