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    Comoros Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Africa, group of islands in the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique

      Geographic coordinates: 12 10 S, 44 15 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 2,170 sq km
      land: 2,170 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 340 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

      Terrain: volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Le Kartala 2,360 m

      Natural resources: NEGL

      Land use:
      arable land: 35%
      permanent crops: 10%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 18%
      other: 30% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: cyclones possible during rainy season (December to April); Le Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano

      Environment - current issues: soil degradation and erosion results from crop cultivation on slopes without proper terracing; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: important location at northern end of Mozambique Channel

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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