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    Congo, Democratic Republic of the Geography 2000

      Location: Central Africa, northeast of Angola

      Geographic coordinates: 0 00 N, 25 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 2,345,410 sq km
      land: 2,267,600 sq km
      water: 77,810 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than one-fourth the size of the US

      Land boundaries:
      total: 10,744 km
      border countries: Angola 2,511 km, Burundi 233 km, Central African Republic 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 2,410 km, Rwanda 217 km, Sudan 628 km, Tanzania 473 km, Uganda 765 km, Zambia 1,930 km

      Coastline: 37 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: boundaries with neighbors
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season April to October, dry season December to February; south of Equator - wet season November to March, dry season April to October

      Terrain: vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley) 5,110 m

      Natural resources: cobalt, copper, cadmium, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, germanium, uranium, radium, bauxite, iron ore, coal, hydropower, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 77%
      other: 13% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts in south; volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues: poaching threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; deforestation; refugees who arrived in mid-1994 were responsible for significant deforestation, soil erosion, and wildlife poaching in the eastern part of the country (most of those refugees were repatriated in November and December 1996)

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

      Geography - note: straddles Equator; very narrow strip of land that controls the lower Congo river and is only outlet to South Atlantic Ocean; dense tropical rain forest in central river basin and eastern highlands

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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