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    Congo, Republic of the Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon

      Geographic coordinates: 1 00 S, 15 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 342,000 sq km
      land: 341,500 sq km
      water: 500 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Montana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,504 km
      border countries: Angola 201 km, Cameroon 523 km, Central African Republic 467 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,410 km, Gabon 1,903 km

      Coastline: 169 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Climate: tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); constantly high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator

      Terrain: coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Berongou 903 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, natural gas, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 29%
      forests and woodland: 62%
      other: 9% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: seasonal flooding

      Environment - current issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage; tap water is not potable; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: about 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or along the railroad between them

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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