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    Cyprus Geography 2000

      Location: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

      Geographic coordinates: 35 00 N, 33 00 E

      Map references: Middle East

      total: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot area)
      land: 9,240 sq km
      water: 10 sq km

      Area - comparative: about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 648 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: temperate, Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, winters

      Terrain: central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Olympus 1,951 m

      Natural resources: copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 13%
      other: 70% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 390 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: moderate earthquake activity

      Environment - current issues: water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall, sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifer, increased salination in the north); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)