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    Czech Republic Geography 2000

      Location: Central Europe, southeast of Germany

      Geographic coordinates: 49 45 N, 15 30 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area:
      total: 78,866 sq km
      land: 77,276 sq km
      water: 1,590 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,881 km
      border countries: Austria 362 km, Germany 646 km, Poland 658 km, Slovakia 215 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

      Terrain: Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Elbe River 115 m
      highest point: Snezka 1,602 m

      Natural resources: hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 41%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 11%
      forests and woodland: 34%
      other: 12% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 240 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: flooding

      Environment - current issues: air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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