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    Djibouti Geography 2000

      Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia

      Geographic coordinates: 11 30 N, 43 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 22,000 sq km
      land: 21,980 sq km
      water: 20 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts

      Land boundaries:
      total: 508 km
      border countries: Eritrea 113 km, Ethiopia 337 km, Somalia 58 km

      Coastline: 314 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: desert; torrid, dry

      Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
      highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m

      Natural resources: geothermal areas

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 9%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 91% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods

      Environment - current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)