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    Dominican Republic Geography 2000

      Location: Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

      Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 70 40 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      Area:
      total: 48,730 sq km
      land: 48,380 sq km
      water: 350 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

      Land boundaries:
      total: 275 km
      border countries: Haiti 275 km

      Coastline: 1,288 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 6 nm

      Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

      Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
      highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

      Natural resources: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

      Land use:
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 9%
      permanent pastures: 43%
      forests and woodland: 12%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 2,300 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation; Hurricane Georges damage

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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