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    Ecuador Geography 2000

      Location: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru

      Geographic coordinates: 2 00 S, 77 30 W

      Map references: South America

      total: 283,560 sq km
      land: 276,840 sq km
      water: 6,720 sq km
      note: includes Galapagos Islands

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Nevada

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,010 km
      border countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km

      Coastline: 2,237 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: claims continental shelf between mainland and Galapagos Islands
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Climate: tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands

      Terrain: coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Chimborazo 6,267 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 18%
      forests and woodland: 56%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 5,560 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)