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    El Salvador Geography 2000

      Location: Middle America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras

      Geographic coordinates: 13 50 N, 88 55 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      Area:
      total: 21,040 sq km
      land: 20,720 sq km
      water: 320 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts

      Land boundaries:
      total: 545 km
      border countries: Guatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km

      Coastline: 307 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Climate: tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands

      Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m

      Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 27%
      permanent crops: 8%
      permanent pastures: 29%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 31% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,200 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes; Hurricane Mitch damage

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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