Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries
  • |2000 INDEX|
  • 1999 INDEX
  • 1996 INDEX
  • ; geographic.org; Home; Page; Country Index

    Eritrea Geography 2000

      Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan

      Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 39 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 121,320 sq km
      land: 121,320 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,630 km
      border countries: Djibouti 113 km, Ethiopia 912 km, Sudan 605 km

      Coastline: 2,234 km total; mainland on Red Sea 1,151 km, islands in Red Sea 1,083 km

      Maritime claims: NA

      Climate: hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually); semiarid in western hills and lowlands; rainfall heaviest during June-September except in coastal desert

      Terrain: dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: near Kulul within the Denakil depression -75 m
      highest point: Soira 3,018 m

      Natural resources: gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 49%
      forests and woodland: 6%
      other: 32% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 280 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: frequent droughts and locust storms

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; desertification; soil erosion; overgrazing; loss of infrastructure from civil warfare

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic geopolitical position along world's busiest shipping lanes; Eritrea retained the entire coastline of Ethiopia along the Red Sea upon de jure independence from Ethiopia on 24 May 1993

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please put this page in your BOOKMARKS - - - - -


    Translations - Language Translators

    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00