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    Ethiopia Geography 2000

      Location: Eastern Africa, west of Somalia

      Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 38 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 1,127,127 sq km
      land: 1,119,683 sq km
      water: 7,444 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,311 km
      border countries: Djibouti 337 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 830 km, Somalia 1,626 km, Sudan 1,606 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

      Terrain: high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Denakil -125 m
      highest point: Ras Dashen Terara 4,620 m

      Natural resources: small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 40%
      forests and woodland: 25%
      other: 22% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,900 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)