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    French Guiana (overseas department of France) Geography 2000

      Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname

      Geographic coordinates: 4 00 N, 53 00 W

      Map references: South America

      total: 91,000 sq km
      land: 89,150 sq km
      water: 1,850 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,183 km
      border countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km

      Coastline: 378 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m

      Natural resources: bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 90%
      other: 10% (1996 est.)

      Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: mostly an unsettled wilderness

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)