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    Georgia Geography 2000

      Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

      Geographic coordinates: 42 00 N, 43 30 E

      Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

      total: 69,700 sq km
      land: 69,700 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,461 km
      border countries: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

      Coastline: 310 km

      Maritime claims: NA

      Climate: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

      Terrain: largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mt'a Mqinvartsveri (Gora Kazbek) 5,048 m

      Natural resources: forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

      Land use:
      arable land: 9%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures: 25%
      forests and woodland: 34%
      other: 28% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 4,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: earthquakes

      Environment - current issues: air pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)