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    Greenland (part of the Kingdom of Denmark) Geography 2000

      Location: Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada

      Geographic coordinates: 72 00 N, 40 00 W

      Map references: Arctic Region

      total: 2,175,600 sq km
      land: 2,175,600 sq km (341,700 sq km ice-free, 1,833,900 sq km ice-covered) (est.)

      Area - comparative: slightly more than three times the size of Texas

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 44,087 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 3 nm

      Climate: arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters

      Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Gunnbjorn 3,700 m

      Natural resources: zinc, lead, iron ore, coal, molybdenum, gold, platinum, uranium, fish, seals, whales

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 99% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island

      Environment - current issues: protection of the arctic environment; preservation of the Inuit traditional way of life, including whaling; note - Greenland participates actively in Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC)

      Geography - note: dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast; world's second largest ice cap

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)