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    Guyana Geography 2000

      Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela

      Geographic coordinates: 5 00 N, 59 00 W

      Map references: South America

      total: 214,970 sq km
      land: 196,850 sq km
      water: 18,120 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Idaho

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,462 km
      border countries: Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km

      Coastline: 459 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)

      Terrain: mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m

      Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 84%
      other: 8% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,300 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons

      Environment - current issues: water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)