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    Haiti Geography 2000

      Location: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

      Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 72 25 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 27,750 sq km
      land: 27,560 sq km
      water: 190 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries:
      total: 275 km
      border countries: Dominican Republic 275 km

      Coastline: 1,771 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds

      Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m

      Natural resources: bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 20%
      permanent crops: 13%
      permanent pastures: 18%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 44% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 750 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
      signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)