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    Howland Island Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

      Geographic coordinates: 0 48 N, 176 38 W

      Map references: Oceania

      total: 1.6 sq km
      land: 1.6 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 6.4 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun

      Terrain: low-lying, nearly level, sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef; depressed central area

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 3 m

      Natural resources: guano (deposits worked until late 1800s)

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 95%

      Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998)

      Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

      Environment - current issues: no natural fresh water resources

      Geography - note: almost totally covered with grasses, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; small area of trees in the center; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)