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    Indonesia Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

      Geographic coordinates: 5 00 S, 120 00 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      total: 1,919,440 sq km
      land: 1,826,440 sq km
      water: 93,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,602 km
      border countries: Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

      Coastline: 54,716 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

      Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

      Land use:
      arable land: 10%
      permanent crops: 7%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 62%
      other: 14% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 45,970 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: occasional floods, severe droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes, sewage; air pollution in urban areas; smoke and haze from forest fires

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: archipelago of 17,000 islands (6,000 inhabited); straddles Equator; strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from Indian Ocean to Pacific Ocean

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)