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    Ireland Geography 2000

      Location: Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

      Geographic coordinates: 53 00 N, 8 00 W

      Map references: Europe

      Area:
      total: 70,280 sq km
      land: 68,890 sq km
      water: 1,390 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 360 km
      border countries: UK 360 km

      Coastline: 1,448 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: not specified
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

      Terrain: mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m

      Natural resources: zinc, lead, natural gas, barite, copper, gypsum, limestone, dolomite, peat, silver

      Land use:
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 68%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 14% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, Tropical Timber 94

      Geography - note: strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 97 km of Dublin

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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