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    Johnston Atoll Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands

      Geographic coordinates: 16 45 N, 169 30 W

      Map references: Oceania

      total: 2.8 sq km
      land: 2.8 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: about 4.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 10 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical, but generally dry; consistent northeast trade winds with little seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain: mostly flat

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Summit Peak 5 m

      Natural resources: NA; guano deposits worked until depletion about 1890

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 100%

      Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: no natural fresh water resources

      Geography - note: strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean; Johnston Island and Sand Island are natural islands, which have been expanded by coral dredging; North Island (Akau) and East Island (Hikina) are manmade islands formed from coral dredging; closed to the public; former US nuclear weapons test site; site of Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System (JACADS); some low-growing vegetation

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)