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    Jordan Geography 2000

      Location: Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia

      Geographic coordinates: 31 00 N, 36 00 E

      Map references: Middle East

      total: 89,213 sq km
      land: 88,884 sq km
      water: 329 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,619 km
      border countries: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 728 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km

      Coastline: 26 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 3 nm

      Climate: mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)

      Terrain: mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
      highest point: Jabal Ram 1,734 m

      Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil

      Land use:
      arable land: 4%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 9%
      forests and woodland: 1%
      other: 85% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 630 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)