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    Kenya Geography 2000

      Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania

      Geographic coordinates: 1 00 N, 38 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 582,650 sq km
      land: 569,250 sq km
      water: 13,400 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Nevada

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,446 km
      border countries: Ethiopia 830 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km

      Coastline: 536 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior

      Terrain: low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m

      Natural resources: gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 37%
      forests and woodland: 30%
      other: 25% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 660 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: recurring drought in northern and eastern regions; flooding during rainy seasons

      Environment - current issues: water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers on Mt. Kenya; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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