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    Kyrgyzstan Geography 2000

      Location: Central Asia, west of China

      Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 75 00 E

      Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

      total: 198,500 sq km
      land: 191,300 sq km
      water: 7,200 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Dakota

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,878 km
      border countries: China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone

      Terrain: peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Kara-Darya 132 m
      highest point: Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy) 7,439 m

      Natural resources: abundant hydropower; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc

      Land use:
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 44%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 45% (1993 est.)
      note: Kyrgyzstan has the world's largest natural growth walnut forest

      Irrigated land: 9,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: water pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminated streams and wells; as a result, water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasing soil salinity from faulty irrigation practices

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)