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    Laos Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam

      Geographic coordinates: 18 00 N, 105 00 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      total: 236,800 sq km
      land: 230,800 sq km
      water: 6,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Utah

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,083 km
      border countries: Burma 235 km, Cambodia 541 km, China 423 km, Thailand 1,754 km, Vietnam 2,130 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: tropical monsoon; rainy season (May to November); dry season (December to April)

      Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; some plains and plateaus

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mekong River 70 m
      highest point: Phou Bia 2,817 m

      Natural resources: timber, hydropower, gypsum, tin, gold, gemstones

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 3%
      forests and woodland: 54%
      other: 40% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,250 sq km (1993 est.)
      note: rainy season irrigation - 2,169 sq km; dry season irrigation - 750 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: floods, droughts, and blight

      Environment - current issues: unexploded ordnance; deforestation; soil erosion; a majority of the population does not have access to potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)