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    Lebanon Geography 2000

      Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria

      Geographic coordinates: 33 50 N, 35 50 E

      Map references: Middle East

      Area:
      total: 10,400 sq km
      land: 10,230 sq km
      water: 170 sq km

      Area - comparative: about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries:
      total: 454 km
      border countries: Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km

      Coastline: 225 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows

      Terrain: narrow coastal plain; Al Biqa' (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Qurnat as Sawda' 3,088 m

      Natural resources: limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 9%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 8%
      other: 61% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 860 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: dust storms, sandstorms

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Beirut from vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; pollution of coastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: Nahr al Litani only major river in Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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