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    Lesotho Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Africa, an enclave of South Africa

      Geographic coordinates: 29 30 S, 28 30 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 30,355 sq km
      land: 30,355 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries:
      total: 909 km
      border countries: South Africa 909 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: temperate; cool to cold, dry winters; hot, wet summers

      Terrain: mostly highland with plateaus, hills, and mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers 1,400 m
      highest point: Thabana Ntlenyana 3,482 m

      Natural resources: water, agricultural and grazing land, some diamonds and other minerals

      Land use:
      arable land: 11%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 66%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 23% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: population pressure forcing settlement in marginal areas results in overgrazing, severe soil erosion, and soil exhaustion; desertification; Highlands Water Project controls, stores, and redirects water to South Africa

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

      Geography - note: landlocked; surrounded by South Africa

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)