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    Libya Geography 2000

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia

      Geographic coordinates: 25 00 N, 17 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 1,759,540 sq km
      land: 1,759,540 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Alaska

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,383 km
      border countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,150 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km

      Coastline: 1,770 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      note: Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees 30 minutes north

      Climate: Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior

      Terrain: mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m
      highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 8%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 91% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 4,700 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms

      Environment - current issues: desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Law of the Sea

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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