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    Mali Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, southwest of Algeria

      Geographic coordinates: 17 00 N, 4 00 W

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 1.24 million sq km
      land: 1.22 million sq km
      water: 20,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 7,243 km
      border countries: Algeria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Guinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauritania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: subtropical to arid; hot and dry February to June; rainy, humid, and mild June to November; cool and dry November to February

      Terrain: mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Senegal River 23 m
      highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m

      Natural resources: gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower
      note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited

      Land use:
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 25%
      forests and woodland: 6%
      other: 67% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 780 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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