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    Marshall Islands Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, group of atolls and reefs in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Papua New Guinea

      Geographic coordinates: 9 00 N, 168 00 E

      Map references: Oceania

      total: 181.3 sq km
      land: 181.3 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, and Kwajalein

      Area - comparative: about the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 370.4 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: wet season from May to November; hot and humid; islands border typhoon belt

      Terrain: low coral limestone and sand islands

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Likiep 10 m

      Natural resources: phosphate deposits, marine products, deep seabed minerals

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 60%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 40%

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: occasional typhoons

      Environment - current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: two archipelagic island chains of 30 atolls and 1,152 islands; Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous World War II battleground, is now used as a US missile test range

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)