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    Martinique (overseas department of France) Geography 2000

      Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago

      Geographic coordinates: 14 40 N, 61 00 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 1,100 sq km
      land: 1,060 sq km
      water: 40 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than six times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 350 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid

      Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Montagne Pelee 1,397 m

      Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 8%
      permanent crops: 8%
      permanent pastures: 17%
      forests and woodland: 44%
      other: 23% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 40 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)

      Environment - current issues: NA

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)