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    Mauritius Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

      Geographic coordinates: 20 17 S, 57 33 E

      Map references: World

      total: 1,860 sq km
      land: 1,850 sq km
      water: 10 sq km
      note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues

      Area - comparative: almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 177 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)

      Terrain: small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Piton 828 m

      Natural resources: arable land, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 49%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 3%
      forests and woodland: 22%
      other: 23% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 170 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards

      Environment - current issues: water pollution

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)