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    Nepal Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Asia, between China and India

      Geographic coordinates: 28 00 N, 84 00 E

      Map references: Asia

      total: 140,800 sq km
      land: 136,800 sq km
      water: 4,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Arkansas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,926 km
      border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south

      Terrain: Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
      highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m (1999 est.)

      Natural resources: quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

      Land use:
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 15%
      forests and woodland: 42%
      other: 26% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 8,500 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons

      Environment - current issues: deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)