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    Nicaragua Geography 2000

      Location: Middle America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

      Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 85 00 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 129,494 sq km
      land: 120,254 sq km
      water: 9,240 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than the state of New York

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,231 km
      border countries: Costa Rica 309 km, Honduras 922 km

      Coastline: 910 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 25-nm security zone
      continental shelf: natural prolongation
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Climate: tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands

      Terrain: extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mogoton 2,438 m

      Natural resources: gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 9%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 27%
      other: 17% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 880 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, and occasionally severe hurricanes

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; Hurricane Mitch damage

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)