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    Niger Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

      Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 8 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 1.267 million sq km
      land: 1,266,700 sq km
      water: 300 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,697 km
      border countries: Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina Faso 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south

      Terrain: predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Niger River 200 m
      highest point: Mont Greboun 1,944 m

      Natural resources: uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, petroleum

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 2%
      other: 88% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 660 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: recurring droughts

      Environment - current issues: overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)