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    Niue Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga

      Geographic coordinates: 19 02 S, 169 52 W

      Map references: Oceania

      total: 260 sq km
      land: 260 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 64 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds

      Terrain: steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m

      Natural resources: fish, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 19%
      permanent crops: 8%
      permanent pastures: 4%
      forests and woodland: 19%
      other: 50% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: typhoons

      Environment - current issues: increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: one of world's largest coral islands

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)