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    Qatar Geography 2000

      Location: Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia

      Geographic coordinates: 25 30 N, 51 15 E

      Map references: Middle East

      total: 11,437 sq km
      land: 11,437 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

      Land boundaries:
      total: 60 km
      border countries: Saudi Arabia 60 km

      Coastline: 563 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements, or the median line
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: desert; hot, dry; humid and sultry in summer

      Terrain: mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
      highest point: Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 5%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 94% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 80 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: haze, dust storms, sandstorms common

      Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)