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    Russia Transportation 2000

      Railways:
      total: 150,000 km; note - 87,000 km in common carrier service; 63,000 km serve specific industries and are not available for common carrier use
      broad gauge: 150,000 km 1.520-m gauge (January 1997 est.)

      Highways:
      total: 948,000 km (including 416,000 km which serve specific industries or farms and are not maintained by governmental highway maintenance departments)
      paved: 336,000 km
      unpaved: 612,000 km (including 411,000 km of graveled or some other form of surfacing and 201,000 km of unstabilized earth) (1995 est.)

      Waterways: total navigable routes in general use 101,000 km; routes with navigation guides serving the Russian River Fleet 95,900 km; routes with night navigational aids 60,400 km; man-made navigable routes 16,900 km (January 1994 est.)

      Pipelines: crude oil 48,000 km; petroleum products 15,000 km; natural gas 140,000 km (June 1993 est.)

      Ports and harbors: Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', Kaliningrad, Kazan', Khabarovsk, Kholmsk, Krasnoyarsk, Moscow, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Nevel'sk, Novorossiysk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, St. Petersburg, Rostov, Sochi, Tuapse, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Vostochnyy, Vyborg

      Merchant marine:
      total: 695 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,920,923 GRT/4,867,676 DWT
      ships by type: barge carrier 1, bulk 19, cargo 379, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 21, combination ore/oil 3, container 25, multi-functional large load carrier 1, passenger 35, passenger/cargo 3, petroleum tanker 149, refrigerated cargo 26, roll-on/roll-off 22, short-sea passenger 7 (1999 est.)

      Airports: 2,517 (1994 est.)

      Airports - with paved runways:
      total: 630
      over 3,047 m: 54
      2,438 to 3,047 m: 202
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 108
      914 to 1,523 m: 115
      under 914 m: 151 (1994 est.)

      Airports - with unpaved runways:
      total: 1,887
      over 3,047 m: 25
      2,438 to 3,047 m: 45
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 134
      914 to 1,523 m: 291
      under 914 m: 1,392 (1994 est.)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
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