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    Saint Helena Geography 2000

      Location: islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about mid-way between South America and Africa

      Geographic coordinates: 15 56 S, 5 42 W

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 410 sq km
      land: 410 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Ascension, Gough Island, Inaccessible Island, Nightingale Island, and Tristan da Cunha Island

      Area - comparative: slightly more than two times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 60 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: Saint Helena - tropical; marine; mild, tempered by trade winds; Tristan da Cunha - temperate; marine, mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)

      Terrain: Saint Helena - rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains
      note: the other islands of the group have a volcanic origin

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 2,060 m

      Natural resources: fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 6%
      other: 82% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhere else in the world; Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles and sooty terns

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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