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    Sao Tome and Principe Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon

      Geographic coordinates: 1 00 N, 7 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 1,001 sq km
      land: 1,001 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: more than five times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 209 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)

      Terrain: volcanic, mountainous

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m

      Natural resources: fish, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 36%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 61% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)