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    Saudi Arabia Geography 2000

      Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen

      Geographic coordinates: 25 00 N, 45 00 E

      Map references: Middle East

      total: 1,960,582 sq km
      land: 1,960,582 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than one-fifth the size of the US

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,415 km
      border countries: Iraq 814 km, Jordan 728 km, Kuwait 222 km, Oman 676 km, Qatar 60 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1,458 km

      Coastline: 2,640 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 18 nm
      continental shelf: not specified
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: harsh, dry desert with great extremes of temperature

      Terrain: mostly uninhabited, sandy desert

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
      highest point: Jabal Sawda' 3,133 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper

      Land use:
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 56%
      forests and woodland: 1%
      other: 41% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 4,350 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: frequent sand and dust storms

      Environment - current issues: desertification; depletion of underground water resources; the lack of perennial rivers or permanent water bodies has prompted the development of extensive seawater desalination facilities; coastal pollution from oil spills

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: extensive coastlines on Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through Persian Gulf and Suez Canal

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)