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    Singapore Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates: 1 22 N, 103 48 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      total: 647.5 sq km
      land: 637.5 sq km
      water: 10 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 193 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
      territorial sea: 3 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy; no pronounced rainy or dry seasons; thunderstorms occur on 40% of all days (67% of days in April)

      Terrain: lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
      highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m

      Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports

      Land use:
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 6%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 87% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)