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    Syria Geography 2000

      Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey

      Geographic coordinates: 35 00 N, 38 00 E

      Map references: Middle East

      total: 185,180 sq km
      land: 184,050 sq km
      water: 1,130 sq km
      note: includes 1,295 sq km of Israeli-occupied territory

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than North Dakota

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,253 km
      border countries: Iraq 605 km, Israel 76 km, Jordan 375 km, Lebanon 375 km, Turkey 822 km

      Coastline: 193 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 41 nm
      territorial sea: 35 nm

      Climate: mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically hitting Damascus

      Terrain: primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: unnamed location near Lake Tiberias -200 m
      highest point: Mount Hermon 2,814 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 28%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures: 43%
      forests and woodland: 3%
      other: 22% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 9,060 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: dust storms, sandstorms

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution from dumping of raw sewage and wastes from petroleum refining; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

      Geography - note: there are 42 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights (August 1999 est.)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)