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    Taiwan Geography 2000

      Location: Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China

      Geographic coordinates: 23 30 N, 121 00 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      total: 35,980 sq km
      land: 32,260 sq km
      water: 3,720 sq km
      note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 1,566.3 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year

      Terrain: eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
      highest point: Yu Shan 3,997 m

      Natural resources: small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos

      Land use:
      arable land: 24%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 5%
      forests and woodland: 55%
      other: 15%

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: earthquakes and typhoons

      Environment - current issues: air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: none of the selected agreements
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)