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    Tunisia Geography 2000

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

      Geographic coordinates: 34 00 N, 9 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 163,610 sq km
      land: 155,360 sq km
      water: 8,250 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Georgia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,424 km
      border countries: Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km

      Coastline: 1,148 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south

      Terrain: mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
      highest point: Jabal ash Shanabi 1,544 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 19%
      permanent crops: 13%
      permanent pastures: 20%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 44% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 3,850 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and presents human health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: strategic location in central Mediterranean

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)