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    Turks and Caicos Islands (overseas territory of the UK) Geography 2000

      Location: Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas

      Geographic coordinates: 21 45 N, 71 35 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 430 sq km
      land: 430 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 389 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry

      Terrain: low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Blue Hills 49 m

      Natural resources: spiny lobster, conch

      Land use:
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 98% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: frequent hurricanes

      Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources, private cisterns collect rainwater

      Geography - note: 30 islands (eight inhabited)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)