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    Vanuatu Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia

      Geographic coordinates: 16 00 S, 167 00 E

      Map references: Oceania

      total: 14,760 sq km
      land: 14,760 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes more than 80 islands

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Connecticut

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 2,528 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds

      Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m

      Natural resources: manganese, hardwood forests, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 10%
      permanent pastures: 2%
      forests and woodland: 75%
      other: 11% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanism causes minor earthquakes

      Environment - current issues: a majority of the population does not have access to a potable and reliable supply of water; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)